In English, the gerund is identical in form to the present participle (ending in -ing) and can behave as a verb within a clause (so that it may be modified by an adverb or have an object), but the clause as a whole (sometimes consisting of only one word, the gerund itself) acts as a noun within the larger sentence
They have several functions.
1. Used as subjects
- Skiing is my favorite sport.
- Hiking can be very strenuous.
- singing is my hobby
2. Used as objects
- Thanks for tending my children.
- The job consists of typing, filing, and answering the phone.
- i love dancing.
3. Gerunds after preposition
- I will call you after arriving at the office.
- Please have a drink before leaving.
- I am looking forward to meeting you.
- Do you object to working late?
- Tara always dreams about going on holiday.