Gerunds

In English, the gerund is identical in form to the present participle (ending in -ing) and can behave as a verb within a clause (so that it may be modified by an adverb or have an object), but the clause as a whole (sometimes consisting of only one word, the gerund itself) acts as a noun within the larger sentence

They have several functions.

1. Used as subjects

  • Skiing is my favorite sport.
  • Hiking can be very strenuous.
  • singing is my hobby

2. Used as objects

  • Thanks for tending my children.
  • The job consists of typing, filing, and answering the phone.
  • i love dancing.

3. Gerunds after preposition

  • I will call you after arriving at the office.
  • Please have a drink before leaving.
  • I am looking forward to meeting you.
  • Do you object to working late?
  • Tara always dreams about going on holiday.

 

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