Analytical Exposition

Definition :

Analytical Exposition is a text that elaborates the writer‘s idea about the phenomenon surrounding. Its social function is to persuade the reader that the idea is important matter.


  • To persuade the reader or listener that there is something that, certainly, needs to get attention
  • To analyze a topic and to persuade the reader that this opinion is correct and supported by arguments

Examples: argumentative essay, exploratory essay

Generic Structure:

  1. Thesis : Introduces the topic and shows speaker or writer’s position; Outlines of the arguments are presented.
  2. Arguments : It consists about Point and Elaboration Point, states the main argument Elaboration, develops and supports each point of argument
  3. Conclusion : Reiteration (restatement), restates speaker or writer’s position

Language Features:

  • Focus on generic human and non-human participants, e.g.: car, pollution, leaded petrol car
  • Use abstract noun, e.g.: policy, government
  • Use of relational processes, e.g.: It is important
  • Modal verbs, e.g.: we must preserve
  • Modal adverbs, e.g.: certainly we.
  • Connective or Use of internal conjunction to state argument, e.g.: first, secondly, then, finally)
  • Evaluative language, e.g.: important, valuable, trustworthy, etc.
  • Giving reasons through causal conjunction
  • (e.g. so, thus, therefore, hence)
  • Use of present tense
  • Passive sentence

The example of Analytical Exposition:

(Statement of position):


I believe that you should always wear a hat at school when you are playing outside , to stop you from getting sunburn.

(Argument 1):

Firstly, if you don’t wear a hat, you will get sunburn ant the sunburn is painful.

(Argument 2):

Secondly, sunburn could lead to skin cancer. Sunburn can lead to health problems later in life. Many older people suffer from skin cancer which can kill them.

(Reinforcement of position statement):

In my opinion all school students should wear hats.


The Importance of English

Thesis { I personally think that English is the world’s most important language. Why do I say that?

Argument 1 { Firstly, English is an international language. It is spoken by many people all around the world, either as a first or second language.

Argument 2 { Secondly, English is also the key which opens doors to scientific and technical knowledge, which is needed for the economic and political development of many countries in the world.

Argument 3 { Thirdly, English is a top requirement of those seeking jobs. Applicants who master either active or passive English are more favorable than those who do not.

Conclusion { From the fact above, it is obvious that everybody needs to learn English to greet the global era.



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